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Indonesia: Java quake kills 40 and injures hundreds



Indonesia: Java quake kills 40 and injures hundreds

The quake struck Indonesia’s main island of Java, killing more than 40 people and injuring hundreds, local officials said.

The 5.6-magnitude quake struck the West Java city of Chianjur at a depth of 10 km (6 miles), according to the US Geological Survey.

The tremors were felt about 100 km from the capital Jakarta, where people were evacuated from high-rise buildings.

Authorities are warning of possible tremors and say the death toll could rise.

The area where the earthquake occurred is densely populated and prone to landslides, with poorly built houses. According to local authorities, rescuers tried to evacuate people from the collapsed buildings, managed to save a woman and her child.

Herman Sucherman, head of the Chanjur city administration, told local media that at least 46 people were killed.

“Victims continued to arrive from many areas. Around 700 people were injured,” he told Compass TV.

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Earlier, he was quoted by the AFP news agency as saying that most of the injuries were related to broken bones received from people trapped in the rubble of buildings.

“The ambulance keeps coming from the towns to the hospital,” he said.

“There are many families in the villages that were not evacuated.”

Videos posted on social media show homes and shops being destroyed.

Dozens of buildings were damaged in the Chanjur district, the National Disaster Mitigation Agency said in a statement. Among them are a hospital and an Islamic boarding school.

In Jakarta, office workers ran from buildings in the business and civil district during an aftershock that lasted about a minute.

“I was working when the ground shook under me. I clearly felt a chill. I tried not to do anything to understand what it was, but it became even stronger and lasted for a while,” lawyer Maiadita Valuyo told AFP. .

An office worker named Ahmad Ridwan told Reuters: “We are used to these [earthquakes] in Jakarta, but people got so nervous at this time that we also panicked.”

Earthquakes are common in Indonesia, which is located in the “ring of fire” zone of tectonic activity in the Pacific Ocean. The country has a history of devastating earthquakes and tsunamis, with the 2018 Sulawesi earthquake killing more than 2,000 people.

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Xi on historic Saudi Arabia visit focussed on energy ties




Xi on historic Saudi Arabia visit focussed on energy ties

Xi on historic Saudi Arabia visit focussed on energy ties Chinese President Xi Jinping lands in Saudi Arabia for historic visitRIYADH/WASHINGTON: Chinese President Xi Jinping landed in Saudi Arabia on Wednesday for a historic visit that is likely to focus on energy ties but also follows months of tensions with the United States.

Xi, recently reanointed as leader of the world’s second biggest economy, arrived in the capital Riyadh, Chinese and Saudi state media said, for a three-day visit that will include talks with the Saudi rulers and other Arab leaders.

Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan and Riyadh Governor Prince Faisal bin Bandar were among those who welcomed Xi at the airport, where a ceremonial purple carpet was laid out from the steps of the plane.

On major roads in Riyadh, the red-and-gold Chinese flag alternated with the green Saudi emblem. China is the top customer for oil from Saudi Arabia, the leading exporter of crude, and both sides appear keen to expand their relationship at a time of economic turmoil and geopolitical realignment.

The trip — only Xi’s third overseas journey since the coronavirus pandemic began, and his first to Saudi Arabia since 2016 — comes after US President Joe Biden’s visit in July, when he pleaded in vain for higher oil production.

It will feature bilateral meetings with Saudi King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) as well as a summit with the six-member Gulf Cooperation Council and a wider China-Arab summit.

The programme represents the “largest-scale diplomatic activity between China and the Arab world since the founding of the PRC”, or People’s Republic of China, foreign ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said on Wednesday.

The official Saudi Press Agency said the kingdom accounted for more than 20 percent of Chinese investment in the Arab world between 2005 and 2020, “making it the biggest Arab country to receive Chinese investments during that period”. Oil markets are expected to be a top agenda item for talks between China and Saudi Arabia, especially given the turbulence the markets have experienced since Russia invaded Ukraine in February. The G7 and European Union on Friday agreed to a $60-per-barrel price cap on Russian oil in an attempt to deny the Kremlin war resources, injecting further uncertainty into the markets.

On Sunday, the OPEC+ oil cartel led jointly by Saudi Arabia and Russia opted to keep in place production cuts of two million barrels per day approved in October.

Saudi and Chinese officials have provided scant information about the agenda, though Ali Shihabi, a Saudi analyst close to the government, said he expected “a number of agreements to be signed”. Beyond energy, analysts say leaders from the two countries will likely discuss potential deals that could see Chinese firms become more deeply involved in mega-projects that are central to Prince Mohammed’s vision of diversifying the Saudi economy away from oil.

They include a futuristic $500 billion megacity known as NEOM, a so-called cognitive city that will depend heavily on facial recognition and surveillance technology.

The OPEC+ production cuts approved in October represented the latest blow to the longtime partnership between Saudi Arabia and the United States, which said they amounted to “aligning with Russia” on the war in Ukraine.

Xi’s visit is expected to be closely watched in Washington, which entered into what is often described as an oil-for-security partnership with Saudi Arabia towards the end of World War II.

While the Biden administration has smarted over the production cuts, Riyadh has at times accused the United States of failing to hold up the security end of the bargain, notably after strikes in September 2019 claimed by Yemen´s Huthi rebels temporarily halved the kingdom´s crude output.

China and Saudi Arabia already work together on arms sales and production. Yet analysts say Beijing cannot provide the same security assurances Washington does — nor does it wish to.

Nevertheless, if the Saudis are “looking to extract more security guarantees from the US — signalling that they have the opportunity of strengthening ties with China is something that suits them well,” said Torbjorn Soltvedt, of the risk intelligence firm Verisk Maplecroft.

The GCC-China summit will be held in Riyadh on Friday, the bloc said in a statement.

Meanwhile, the White House on Wednesday responded to the visit of President Xi Jinping to Saudi Arabia by warning that China´s attempt to spread influence worldwide is “not conducive” to international order.

Asked about the Xi visit, White House National Security Council spokesman John Kirby told reporters that Saudi Arabia remains a crucial US ally, but he issued a warning over China.

“We are mindful of the influence that China is trying to grow around the world. The Middle East is certainly one of those regions where they want to deepen their level of influence,” he said. “We believe that many of the things they’re trying to pursue and the manner in which they’re trying to pursue it are not conducive to preserving the international rules-based order.” President Joe Biden has made what he identifies as a global competition between democracies and autocracies a central theme of his presidency. “We are not asking nations to choose between the United States and China, but as the president has said many times we believe that in this strategic competition the United States is certainly well poised to lead,” Kirby said.

Washington has close commercial, diplomatic and military relations with Saudi Arabia. Ties were badly strained by the 2018 murder, blamed by the United States on Saudi leader Mohammed bin Salman, of dissident Jamal Khashoggi, a US resident. New tensions erupted over a decision by the Saudi-led OPEC+ cartel to cut production in a bid to raise oil prices — a move seen by the Biden administration as potentially harming his Democratic party in this November’s midterm legislative elections. Kirby said Saudi Arabia had been a strategic US partner for some 80 years but noted that Biden has ordered a review of the ties.

“Yes in the wake of the OPEC+ decision a couple months ago we are reviewing that bilateral relationship and make sure that it best suits American national security interests. That work’s ongoing,” Kirby said.


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Jeff Blackburn Retires as Head of Amazon’s Global Entertainment Group




Jeff Blackburn Retires as Head of Amazon’s Global Entertainment Group

Jeff Blackburn Retires as Head of Amazon’s Global EntertainmentGroup The executive, who has been with the company for 20 years, will return from a one-year hiatus in May 2021.

The head of Amazon’s global entertainment group will leave the company in January after more than 20 years at the retail giant and streaming platform. The move was announced Friday via an internal memo from Amazon CEO Andy Jassy and Blackburn himself.

The news comes after Blackburn returned from a sabbatical and returned to his new role as head of the company’s global entertainment group, which includes overall supervision of the company’s music, audio entertainment, gaming and video. company. half.

Blackburn’s decision to leave came after a busy week at Amazon. This week, the e-commerce giant fully integrated MGM into its management team after it acquired the famed studio for $8.5 billion in May. Jennifer Salke, head of Amazon Studios, will oversee MGM’s film and television division; SVP Mike Hopkins acquires Epix and unscripted content for Premium Cable Networks (via MGM’s Chris Brearton). With Blackburn’s retirement, Hopkins will report directly to Jussie. Salke, who won MGM’s film director’s award, reports to Hopkins.

Prior to her sabbatical, Blackburn acted as a key intermediary between Amazon headquarters, Amazon Studios, and director Jennifer Salke. Amazon Prime was competing with Netflix and the new Hollywood studios in the increasingly competitive streaming space.

With Blackburn’s retirement, Hopkins will continue to lead Prime Video, Amazon Studios and MGM, reporting directly to the CEO, Jassy said. Steve Boom adds Audible, Twitch, and Games, along with Amazon’s music team and podcasts, and also reports to Jassy.

Below are notes from Jassy and Blackburn.

We would like to share the news that Jeff Blackburn has decided to leave Amazon.

Jeff joined Amazon in 1998 after helping lead the company through its initial public offering at Deutsche Bank. Over the course of more than 20 years, he has helped build 3P marketplaces, advertising, Amazon Studios / Prime Video and music businesses, leading the A9 / Search and CorpDev & BusDev organizations and much more.

As you know, Jeff returned to Amazon last May to lead the media and entertainment business (Prime Video and Amazon Studios, Music, Podcasts/Wondery, Audible, Games, Twitch). Over the last year and a half, he has set us up for continued success in media and entertainment. To name a few hits, in its first season, Rings of Power broke all previous Prime Video records and had the most viewers. It also attracted more Prime Video subscriptions worldwide during its launch than any other content to date. The first season of Thursday Night Football on Prime has better overall viewership than last year’s linear TV results for TNF. This includes the key 18-34 demographic, where viewership was up 20% over last season. We recently completed and integrated our acquisition of MGM. Without Jeff, Amazon would not be the same company. I would like to thank him for his important contributions to the success of the company, past and future.

Use this time to make some leadership changes. Mike Hopkins, who runs Prime Video, Amazon Studios and MGM, will continue to lead these teams and will report to me. Steve Boom, who led the music and podcast teams, will also oversee Audible, Twitch and the gaming business, and will report to me. Both Mike and Steve are excellent, experienced leaders and I look forward to continuing to work with them (and their team).

This transition will take effect on January 1, but Jeff will remain with Amazon until early 2023 to ensure a smooth transition.

Feel free to share the news with your team if you’d like.


Team, today’s news:

I will be leaving Amazon in January after working closely with them for more than 25 years since going public in 1997. The last 18 months have been exciting. Together with GME, we have launched the biggest and most daring project in sports and entertainment history. However, I have decided to spend 2023 differently, give more time to my family and feel strongly that this is the right decision for me. Andy and I are working on a migration plan and will share those details soon.

The opportunities for Amazon in media, entertainment and sports have never been greater. I think it’s going to be an exciting time for all of you. As a fan, mentor, and ambassador for Amazon’s creative business, know that I’ll always be there for you. We are so grateful for all the close friendships we have had over the last 25 years and all the teams, studios, streaming services and businesses we have been able to build together.

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Global Democracy Weakens in 2022




Global Democracy Weakens in 2022

Half of the world’s democratic governments are in decline while authoritarian regimes deepen their repression.

Half of the world’s democratic governments are in decline while authoritarian regimes deepen their repression.

This press release is available in English.

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A new report from the Stockholm-based International Institute for Democracy and Elections finds that half of the world’s democratic governments are in decline due to issues ranging from restrictions on free speech to mistrust in electoral legitimacy. . Support (international ideas). The decline comes as elected leaders face unprecedented challenges including Russia’s war in Ukraine, the cost-of-living crisis, the looming global recession and climate change.

The number of backward countries with the most serious democratic breakdowns has peaked, including the well-established democracy of the United States, leading to political polarization, institutional dysfunction, and civil liberties. Globally, the number of countries moving towards authoritarianism is more than double the number of countries moving towards democracy.

Even countries that achieve moderate to high democratic standards have worrying patterns. Over the past five years, progress on the Global State of Democracy Index (GSoD Index) has stalled. In many cases, democratic performance has not improved since 1990.

The decline of global democracy includes undermining credible election results, restrictions on online freedoms and rights, youth disenchantment with political parties and contactless leaders, rampant corruption, and far-right political polarization, including the rise of the political parties.

GSoD indicators show that authoritarian regimes are deepening their repression, making 2021 the worst year on record. Today, more than two thirds of the world’s population lives in democratic retirement or in authoritarian and mixed regimes. Still, there are signs of progress. People are coming together in innovative ways to renegotiate the terms of the social contract and pressure governments to meet the demands of the 21st century, from the creation of community day care centers in Asia to reproductive freedom in Latin America. From protesting climate change to indigenous rights, people are successfully organizing outside of traditional party structures, especially among the youth. A new constitution and law are meant to raise the voices of marginalized groups, as young protesters risk their lives on the streets of Iran demanding basic freedoms.

These are the key findings of the “Global Democracy Weakens in 2022 : Forging Social Contracts in Times of Unrest”, published by International IDEA.

The global report will be launched at a global livestream event on November 30, 16:00-18:00 CET. This includes an opening message from Jutta Urpilainen, European Commissioner for International Partnerships. Delia Ferreira, President of Transparency International. and Michael O’Flaherty, President of the European Office for Fundamental Rights.

“The world is facing many crises, from the cost of living to the risk of nuclear confrontation and an accelerating climate crisis. At the same time, we are seeing global Democracy Weakens in 2022

fade away. It’s a toxic mix,” said Kevin Casas Zamora , Executive Director of International IDEA. . “Never before have democratic nations needed to respond with such urgency and show their citizens that they can build new and innovative social contracts that unite people rather than divide them.”

Other important findings:

By the end of 2021, half of the 173 countries assessed by International IDEA are declining in at least one democracy sub-attribute.
In Europe, almost half of all democracies (17 in total) have eroded in the last five years. This decline affects 46% of successful democracies.
Authoritarianism is on the rise. Nearly half of all authoritarian regimes are getting worse. Significant declines were observed in Afghanistan, Belarus, Cambodia, Comoros, and Nicaragua.
Democracy does not seem to evolve in a way that reflects rapidly changing needs and priorities. Even moderate to high level democracies show little improvement.
In conclusion, the report presents a series of steps to strengthen global democratic renewal by embracing a more equitable and sustainable social contract, reforming existing political institutions, and strengthening defenses against democratic regression and authoritarian political action.


international ideas

The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) is an intergovernmental organization of 34 member states whose sole mission is to support and promote democracy worldwide. International IDEA contributes to the public debate on democracy, focusing on the electoral process, the constitution, democratic evaluation, political participation and representation, and on the processes, reforms, institutions and relationships that build, promote and protect democracy. Gender and inclusion, conflict sensitivity and sustainable development are central to all of our work.

International IDEA is one of the most trusted global sources of data and analysis on the health of democracies around the world.

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